Photograph: Students studying, Gardner Stacks, Doe Library Menu: Find Information

Find Websites

Questions? Ask Us!

Here are the search engines and directories we recommended for finding websites on a broad range of subjects. When used carefully, they can yield material that is appropriate for academic research.

To learn more, try our online tutorial, Finding Information on the Internet.

Using a public computer in the UC Berkeley Libraries? See below

Recommended Search Engines
Full text of billions of web pages
Detailed table of features


Help    |    Advanced Search

The search engine of choice for most purposes. For best results, use the tips at right.

Tips for Google, Yahoo!, Exalead,
and most other search engines

You are searching the full text of web pages. Use specific terms.
Ex: war of 1812 causes, not just history

Use quotes to require an exact phrase.
Ex: "one small step for a man"

Use capitalized OR to get either word.
Ex: (ucb OR cal) bears

Use - (dash) to exclude a word
Ex: proliferation -nuclear

Use "site:" to specify a particular website or Internet domain.
Ex:global warming
Ex:immigration attitudes site:edu

Use the "Advanced Search" links for guidance in limiting by language, field, Internet domain, etc.

Remember that search engine results are selected by computer software, not by human experts. Carefully evaluate what you find!

More tips ...



Help    |    Advanced Search

Results may be different from Google's. Sometimes useful for a "second opinion."


Help    |    Search

Many options to narrow your search: related terms, site type, multimedia content, language, recent items, etc. Search results include page previews.

Recommended Subject Directories
Selected and evaluated websites
Details and more recommendations

ipl2: Information You Can Trust
Menu and basic search

40,000+ carefully selected and annotated sites, many useful for academic research. Formed by a merger of the Librarians' Internet Index and the Internet Public Library.

Tips for ipl2, InfoMine,
and most other directories:

These are created mostly or entirely by humans, not by computer software. Their databases are relatively small, but highly selective.

The searches cover website names and descriptions, not full text. Use general terms.
Ex: cloning, not first cloned animal

It's often best to browse the subject menus, especially if your searches don't get useful results.


Subject menu and basic search
Help    |    Advanced search

125,000+ selected and annotated websites for academic research.

New Approaches to Web Searching
Try these new tools and tell us what you think!

Use the search box below

Custom Search Engines (CSE)
CSE's let you search selected groups of websites.

Google CSE finder
This finds CSE's available directly through Google.

CSE directories
Use these to find additional CSE's, some available only though separate websites.
CSE Links Directory

Tips for Google CSE's:

Step 1: Use the search box or directories at left to find CSE's that might cover your topic. At this stage, use general terms.
Ex: transit, not urban transit programs

Step 2: Select a CSE from the results and use its search box. Now you are searching full text of the websites it covers. Use more specific terms, just as you would in Google.

For More Information
Use our online tutorial

Note: On public computers in the libraries, full Internet access is provided for UCB students, faculty and staff via CalNet ID logon. Research access is available to all visitors: use of catalogs, article database and licensed library resources, as well as websites in the .edu, .gov, and .org domains (details | local alternatives for Internet access).

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