Bibliography of books and articles on Native American representation in the movies in the UCB Library

Listing of Westerns in the MRC collection

1492: Conquest of Paradise (UK / USA / France / Spain, 1992)
Directed by Ridley Scott. Cast: Gerard Depardieu, Armand Assante, Loren Dean, Angela Molina, Fernando Rey, Michael Wincott, Tcheky Karyo, Kevin Dunn, Mark Margolis, Juan Diego Botto, Achero Manas, Sigourney Weaver. The film chronicles the voyages of Columbus, the colonization of the New World highlighting Old World arrogance and New World innocence and concluding with Columbus' personal tragedy. 150 min. DVD X6640; vhs 999:3672
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Annie Get Your Gun (1950)
Directed by George Sidney. Cast: Betty Hutton, Howard Keel, Louis Calhern, J. Carrol Naish. Music and lyrics by Irving Berlin. Based on the musical play produced on the stage by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein, II. Based on the book by Herbert Fields and Dorothy Fields. Frank Butler, handsome star of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, bags clay pigeons and ladies' hearts. He's the best marksman in the world--until a backwoods hoyden challenges him. Her name? Annie Oakley. Special features include: Original theatrical trailer, new introduction by Annie get your gun Broadway revival star Susan Lucci, 3 rare outtake musical numbers, Let's go west again with Betty Hutton, and a pair with the originally cast Judy Garland, Doin' what comes natur'lly and I'm an Indian too ("With my chief in his teepee / We'll raise an Indian family / And I'll be busy night and day / Looking like a flour sack / With two papooses on my back / And three papooses on the way") 127 min. DVD 395
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Apaches (Apachen) (Germany, 1973)
Directed by Gottfried Kolditz. In the 1960's East German "Indianerfilms," were introduced. Based upon original documents director Gottfied Kolditz together with the leading actor Gojko Mitic wrote the script based on the Mexican War of 1846-1848, when small bands of American scouts were dispatched to Mexico to plot the conquest of targeted regions. Precious metals are discovered on the Mimbreno-Apache reservation so it is decided to annex this territory to the U.S., then expel and exterminate the Indians, but the young warrior Ulzana is out for revenge for his tribe... 90 min. 999:2555
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Birgel, Franz A. "The Sons of Great Bear/Chingachgook/Apaches." German Studies Review, Oct2007, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p715-717, 3p UC users only
Germans and Indians : fantasies, encounters, projections / edited by Colin G. Calloway, Gerd Gemünden, and Susanne Zantop. Lincoln : University of Nebraska Press, c2002. (Main (Gardner) Stacks F596 .G47 2002)
Gemunden, Gerd. "Between Karl May and Karl Marx: the DEFA indianerfilms (1965-1983." Film History; Vol.X nr.3 (1998); p.399-407 UC users only
Lischke, Ute; McNah, David T. "'Show Me the Money': Representations of Aboriginal People in East-German Indian Films." In: Walking a tightrope : aboriginal people and their representations / Ute Lischke and David T. McNab, editors. Waterloo, Ont. : Wilfrid Laurier University Press, c2005. (Full-text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks E78.C2 W35 2005)

Apocalypto (2006)
Directed by Mel Gibson. Cast: Rudy Youngblood, Dalia Hernandez, Jonathan Brewer, Morris Birdyellowhead, Carlos Emilio Baez, Ramirez Amilcar, Israel Contreras, Israel Rios, Maria Isabel Diaz, Espiridion Acosta Cache, Mayra Serbulo, Iazua Larios, Lorena Hernandez, Itandehui Gutierrez, Sayuri Gutierrez. As the Mayan kingdom faces its decline, the rulers insist the key to prosperity is to build more temples and offer human sacrifices. Jaguar Paw is a young man who is captured for sacrifice, but flees to avoid his fate. He is taken on a perilous journey to a world that is ruled by fear and oppression, where a harrowing end awaits him. Through a twist of fate and spurred by the power of his love for his woman and his family he will make a desperate break to return home and to ultimately save his way of life. Special features: "Becoming Mayan: making 'Apocalypto'" ; deleted scene with optional commentary by director Mel Gibson and co-writer Farhad Safinia ; feature commentary by director Mel Gibson and co-writer Farhad Safinia. 138 min. DVD 7535
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Aimers, James J.; Graham, Elizabeth. "Noble Savages versus Savage Nobles: Gibson's Apocalyptic View of the Maya." Latin American Antiquity , Vol. 18, No. 1 (Mar., 2007), pp. 105-106 UC users only
Fish, Robert. "Apocalypto" Wicazo Sa Review, Vol. 23, No. 2 (Fall, 2008), pp. 120-121 UC users only
Hansen, Richard D. "Relativism, Revisionism, Aboriginalism, and Emic/Etic Truth: The Case Study of Apocalypto." The Ethics of Anthropology and Amerindian Research 2012, 147-190 UC users only
Jaafar, Ali. "Apocalypto" Sight & Sound, Feb2007, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p40-41, 2p UC users only
Kolodny, Annette. "Tropic Trappings in Mel Gibson's "Apocalypto" and Joseph Nicolar's "The Life and Traditions of the Red Man"" American Indian Culture and Research Journal, v32 n1 p21-34 2008 UC users only
McSweeney, Terence. "Apocalypto now: a new millennial Pax Americana in crisis?" In: Media and the Apocalypse / edited by Kylo-Patrick R. Hart & Annette M. Holba. New York : Peter Lang, c2009. (Main (Gardner) Stacks P96.A66 M43 2009)
Rich, Grant J. "Not what we expected: Reflections on Mel Gibson's Apocalypto." PsycCRITIQUES, Vol 52 (36), 2007. UC users only
Spence, Stephen. "The Revelations of Mel." American Indian Quarterly, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 491-503, 2007 Summer UC users only
Yelle, Robert A. "The ends of sacrifice: Mel Gibson's Apocalypto as a Chrisitan apology for colonialism" Journal of Religion and Popular Culture, 23 no 1 Ap 2011. UC users only
Xiuhtecutli, Nexahualcoyotl "Gibson's Apocalypto as an Act Against the Maya." Anthropology News Volume 48, Issue 6, pages 29–30, September 2007 UC users only

At Play in the Fields of the Lord (Brincando nos Campos do Senhor) (USA | Brazil, 1991)
Directed by Hector Babenco. The tale of two men's experiences with a native Indian tribe in the Brazilian rain forest. One is an American mercenary hired to drive the Niaruna Indians off their land, who joins forces with them instead. The other is a missionary sent to convert the natives to Christianity. Based on the novel by Peter Matthiessen (Main Stack PS3563.A89 A79, and in Moffitt; XMAC.M443.A8 Grad Svcs) 186 min. DVD X6249; vhs 999:1367
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Caesar, Terry. "'So that's the flag': The representation of Brazil and the politics of nation in American Literature." Criticism, Summer99, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p365, 20p
Okrent, Neil. "At Play in the Fields of the Lord." Cineaste, 1992, Vol. 19 Issue 1, p44-47, 4p UC users only
Rendleman, Tood. "'Evil' Images in At Play in the Fields of the Lord: Evangelicals and Representations of Sexuality in Contemporary Film." Velvet Light Trap: A Critical Journal of Film & Television, Fall2000, Issue 46, p26, 14p UC users only
Young, Theodore Robert. "Three Views of the Amazon in International Commercial Film." Luso-Brazilian Review, 1999, Vol. 36 Issue 2, p23, 10p UC users only

Barking Water (2009)
Directed by Sterlin Harjo. Cast: Richard Ray Whitman, Casey Camp-Horinek. Frankie is dying. Irene hasn't forgiven him. And they are racing against time to find their way home. Frankie needs help and Irene is the one he turns to. He must go home one last time. And, like so many times before, Irene is extending herself beyond her common sense. The two set out on a journey that becomes more than getting home; confronting the past, love, understanding, and self discovery. Barking Water is a tale of great love that looks at what brings us all together. It's a tale of home...and what it takes to get there. 78 min. DVD X5036
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Battle at Elderbush Gulch (1914)
Directed by D.W. Griffith. The Battle at Elderbush Gulch begins with Mae Marsh and her little sister meeting Lillian Gish and her family on the stagecoach bound for the frontier settlement of Elderbush Gulch. The girls' arrival is welcomed with enthusiasm until the ranch foreman for their uncle, with whom they've come to live, refuses to let them keep their puppies in the house. Left outside, the pups run away and fall into the hands of two young Indians who, amazed at their good fortune, prepare to eat them. Marsh's screams alert her uncle, who comes running with his gun and shoots one of the braves. Unfortunately, the victim turns out to be the son of the chief. To avenge the death of his son, the chief organizes an attack on Elderbush Gulch. DVD 1545; vhs 999:568; vhs 999:569
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

D.W. Griffith bibliography
Jay, Gregory S. "'White Man's Book No Good': D. W. Griffith and the American Indian." Cinema Journal, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 3-26, Summer 2000. UC users only
Stanfield, Peter. "The Western 1909-14: A Cast of Villains." Film History , Vol. 1, No. 2 (1987), pp. 97-112 UC users only

Big Bear (Canada, TV, 1998)
Directed by Gil Cardinal. Cast: Gordon Tootoosis, Tantoo Cardinal, Lorne Cardinal, Kenneth Charlette, Patric James Bird, Michael Greyeyes, Ben Cardinal, Gail Maurice, Dianne Debassige, Simon Baker. With the government and settlers staking claim to the Cree Indian ancestral lands and hunting grounds the slowly starving Cree are forced from the land they call home. Torn between loyalty to their leader, Chief Big Bear, and bitterness at the broken promises of the white man, the Cree are desperate. An epic, gripping saga of betrayal, desperation and courage of a people's love for their land and of their leader's strugBlack Robe and motion picturesgle for justice and dignity. 182 min. DVD 2975
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Big Heel-Watha (1942)
Directed by Tex Avery. Animated short. To prove he's a true Indian Brave, Big Heel-Watha decides to catch a squirrel - but wouldn't you know it; Screwy Squirrel is the first one he sees... DVD 8505

The Big Sky(1952)
Directed by Howard Hawks. Cast: Kirk Douglas, Dewey Martin, Elizabeth Threatt, Arthur Hunnicutt. Jim Deakins is a frontiersman and Indian trader who is making a perilous journey with a group of other men up the Missouri River to get a large haul of furs from friendly Blackfoot Indians. The problem is that they have to get through hostile Indian territory first and they find that they have seriously underestimated the difficulties they will undergo. The large body of men who started the journey are gradually whittled down until only a hardy few, like Deakins, are left. Based upon the novel The big sky by A.B. Guthrie, Jr. 122 min. DVD X6437
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Billy Jack (1971)
Directed by T.C. Frank. Cast: Tom Laughlin, Delores Taylor, Clark Howat. A half-breed Indian, ex-Green Beret, seeks peace and solitude in Arizona, but becomes drawn into the tensions and violence between a school for troubled youths and the narrow-minded locals. 114 min. DVD X2003; vhs 999:1168
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Trial of Billy Jack (1974)
Directed by Tom Laughlin. Cast: Tom Laughlin, Delores Taylor, Victor Izay, Teresa Laughlin, Bong Soo Han, William Wellman, Jr. Billy Jack is put on trial for two killings he committed in self-defense while protecting the Freedom School from small-town Arizona bigots. He is convicted and sent to prison, but the Freedom School thrives under Jean Roberts. When Billy Jack is paroled for good behavior, he returns home to explore his tribal spiritual heritage just as the school comes under fire from local officials. Third of four Billy Jack films. 173 min. DVD X2005
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Billy Jack Goes to Washington (1974)
Directed by Tom Laughlin. Cast: Tom Laughlin, Delores Taylor, E.G. Marshall, Teresa Laughlin, Sam Wanamaker, Dick Gautier, John Lawlor, Peter Donat, Michael Irving, Lucie Arnaz. Billy Jack is appointed as the junior Senator from Arizona in 1976. Arriving in Washington, he discovers that the respected senior Senator from Arizona and a business tycoon are secretly planning to build a nuclear plant in the pristine Arizona landscape. Fourth of four Billy Jack films. 114 min. DVD X2006
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Black Robe (Canada | Australia | USA, 1991)
Directed by Bruce Beresford. Cast: Lothaire Bluteau, August Schellenberg, Aden Young, Sandrine Holt, Tantoo Cardinal, Frank Wilson, Billy Two Rivers. In the 17th century, Father Laforgue, a young Jesuit priest, is assigned to go up river into the Canadian wilderness to convert the Huron Indians. His young aide and translator, Daniel, falls in love with Annuka, the daughter of the Algonquin chief. Torn between his own desires and ideals of the priesthood, Laforgue's faith is tested, and his life and the outcome of the mission imperiled, as the expedition faces the elements and hostile Indians. Based on Black Robe: A Novel by Brian Moore (UCB Main Stacks PR9199.3.M617 B51 1985; UCB Moffitt PR9199.3.M617 B5 1985) 101 min. DVD 8571; vhs 999:1328
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Blazing Saddles (1974)
Directed by Mel Brooks. Cast: Mel Brooks, Cleavon Little, Gene Wilder, Slim Pickens, David Huddleston, Claude Ennis Starrett Jr., Madeline Kahn, Harvey Korman. In this spoof on western films the new sheriff and his sidekick, retired gunfighter Waco Kid, protect the town of Rock Ridge from the men who want to run the railroad through the town. Brooks appears in multiple supporting roles, including Governor Le Petomane and a Yiddish-speaking Indian Chief. 148 min. DVD 891
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Burning Heart: An Indian Tale (Coeur-Ardent) (France, 1912)
Directed by Jean Durand. An Indian maiden wishes to marry her lover, but her father refuses because he does not have the requisite bride price. This is an Indian love story shot on location in the Camargues. 13 min. DVD X5733
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Broken Arrow (1950)
Directed by Delmer Daves. Cast: James Stewart, Jeff Chandler, Debra Paget, Basil Ruysdael, Will Geer. Amidst the bitter struggle between white men and Apache Indians Calvary scout, Tom Jeffords, believes the Indians are treated unfairly. He befriends Cochise, the leader of the Apaches, and arranges a truce but is then called upon by a U.S. Army general to negotiate a peace treaty. After fulfilling his mission however, he, his Indian wife and Cochise are targets of a renegade ambush. Special features: Fox Movietonenews "Stars see 'new' 50-star flag, Broken arrow ceremony;" interactive pressbook gallery; exclusive poster gallery; original theatrical trailer. 93 min. DVD 8475; vhs 999:1444
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Buffalo Bill and the Indians, or, Sitting Bull's History Lesson (1976)
Directed by Robert Altman. Cast: Paul Newman, Joel Grey, Geraldine Chaplin, Burt Lancaster, Frank Kaquitts. Chronicles the travels and adventures of Buffalo Bill Cody, the legendary Western adventurer. Although Buffalo Bill had fought Indians and Civil War battles, nothing could prepare him for his newest challenge: show business! His "Wild West Show" was hugely popular, Cast: stunt-riders, battle recreations and a beautiful sharpshooter, Annie Oakley. But when Bill signed a former enemy, Sioux Chief Sitting Bull, for a featured role in the show, a clash of cultures reverberated far beyond the boundaries of their sprawling outdoor theater. 123 min. DVD 4269; vhs 999:1641
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Chato's Land (1971)
Directed by Michael Winner. Chato, a half-breed Apache kills a vicious sheriff in self defense and then finds himself on the run from a posse, but the odds shift in Chato's favor when he leads his pursuers into Apache territory, where the harsh, cruel land can kill as surely as a gunman's bullet. Using his sharp wits, raw courage and ferocious determination, Chato exacts his brutal revenge, as the hunters become the hunted. 93 min. 999:1959
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Cheyenne Autumn (1964)
Directed by John Ford. True life story of three-hundred starving Cheyenne men, women and children, forcibly resettled in the barren wastelands of Oklahoma, who set out in the Autumn of 1878 on a desperate 1500-mile trek back to their Yellowstone homeland. Based on the novel Cheyenne Autumn by Mari Sandoz (UCB Main Stacks E99.C53 S25; UCB Moffitt E99.C53 S2; UCB NativAmer E99.C53 S218) DVD 5658; vhs 999:459
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Chingachgook, the Great Snake (Chingachgook, die Grosse Schlange) (Germany, 1967)
Directed by Richard Groschopp. In the 1960's East German "Indianerfilms," were introduced. This movie, based on the novel by James Fenimore Cooper, "The Deerslayer," was filmed in Bulgaria and Czechoslovakia. The director condensed the plot and focused primarily on the conflict between members of the two Indian tribes. Set in 1740 America, the Delaware are fighting on the side of the English. Only Chingachgook, a young Delaware, and his fair-skinned friend Deerslayer realize that the whites intend to expel and exterminate Indians altogether. 86 min. 999:2554

Birgel, Franz A. "The Sons of Great Bear/Chingachgook/Apaches." German Studies Review, Oct2007, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p715-717, 3p UC users only
Germans and Indians : fantasies, encounters, projections / edited by Colin G. Calloway, Gerd Gemünden, and Susanne Zantop. Lincoln : University of Nebraska Press, c2002. (Main (Gardner) Stacks F596 .G47 2002)
Gemünden, Gerd. "Between Karl May and Karl Marx: the DEFA indianerfilms (1965-1983." Film History; Vol.X nr.3 (1998); p.399-407 UC users only
Lischke, Ute; McNah, David T. "'Show Me the Money': Representations of Aboriginal People in East-German Indian Films." In: Walking a tightrope : aboriginal people and their representations / Ute Lischke and David T. McNab, editors. Waterloo, Ont. : Wilfrid Laurier University Press, c2005. (Full-text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks E78.C2 W35 2005)

Christmas in the Clouds (2005)
Directed by Kate Montgomery. Cast: Timothy Vahle, Mariana Tosca, Sam Vlahos, Graham Greene, M. Emmet Walsh, Sheila Tousey, Rosalind Ayres, Jonathan Joss, Rita Coolidge, Wes Studi. Ray has just returned from college to run a Native American ski lodge which he discovers is not exactly four-star travel guide material. When Ray learns that a travel guide representative is coming to make an inspection, he decides to make the lodge a professional place of business. He has to contend with his somewhat eccentric staff, which includes an emotional vegetarian chef who takes delight in informing his diners of the names he has given the animals they are about to eat. Despite Ray's exhaustive preparations, something goes wrong and a case of mistaken identity has the real travel guide representative dealing with a hefty dose of hotel mismanagement. 94 min. DVD X6695
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Clearcut (Canada, 1991)
Director, Richard Bugajski. Cast: Graham Greene, Ron Lea, Michael Hogan, Rebecca Jenkins, Floyd Red Crow Westerman. A harrowing action adventure set in the wilderness in which one man tortures another as punishment for his crimes against the environment. Canadian Indian Arthur, enraged at the sight of his people's land being ruined by a lumber mill, kidnaps the owner and a city lawyer, forcing them both into an unrelenting northern trek. 98 min. 999:3495
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Root, Deborah. "Blood, vengeance & the anxious liberal." Cineaction; Fall 1993, Issue 32, p43-49, 7p

Coyote Waits (TV, 2003)
Directed by Jan Egleson. Cast: Adam Beach, Wes Studi, Candice Castello, Jimmy Herman, Gary Kanin, Sheila Tousey, Mark Kilburn, Alex Rice, Graham Greene. Navajo police detective Joe Leaphorn and officer Jim Chee investigate the murder of a policeman. A drunken Navajo shaman is holding the murder weapon near the scene, but Chee has a hunch he's innocent. Their legwork turns up a CIA spook, a giant coded message, and a century-old bank heist proving that Butch Cassidy didn't die like they say in the movies. 80 min. DVD 2972
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Crazy Horse (1996)
Directed by John Irvin. Cast: Michael Greyeyes, Irene Bedard, Jimmy Herman, August Schellenberg, Ned Beatty, Peter Horton, Wes Studi. Tells the true story of Crazy Horse, the Oglala warrior who relentlessly resisted the white man's attempt to take over Indian lands and fought General Custer and his forces at Little Big Horn. Originally produced for television by Turner Broadcasting. 93 min. 999:3606
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Dance Me Outside (Canada, 1994)
Directed by Bruce McDonald. Cast: Ryan Black, Adam Beach, Lisa LaCroix, Michael Greyeyes, Kevin Hicks, Jennifer Podemski, Sandrine Holt. When the Kidabanessee Reservation in northern Ontario is shocked by a brutal murder of one of the residents, four teenagers find their friendships put to the ultimate test. The struggle to become men and women becomes entangled with a fight for justice as they find their friendships and romances maturing into something unexpected. Based on the book by W.P. Kinsella. 91 min. DVD X4000; vhs 999:3702
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Dances With Wolves (1990)
Directed by Kevin Costner. Rewarded for his heroism in the Civil War, Lt. John Dunbar wants to see the American frontier before it is gone. He is assigned to an abandoned fort, where a sioux tribe is his only neighbor. 181 min. DVD 1693
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors

Academy Awards - Best Picture; Best Director (Kevin Costner)
Directors Guild of America, USA - Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures
Golden Globes - Best Motion Picture - Drama; Best Director; Best Screenplay
National Board of Review, USA - Best Film; Best Director
National Film Registry Selection

Davy Crockett (1950s)
Experience the television show that made coonskin caps a staple for a generation of American youngsters. With a rifle named Old Betsy, Davy Crockett fought for justice with his own brand of homespun ingenuity. Contents: Disc 1. Davy Crockett Indian fighter -- Davy Crockett goes to Congress -- Davy Crockett at the Alamo -- Disc 2. Davy Crockett's keelboat race -- Davy Crockett and the river pirates. Cast: exclusive introductions by film historian, Leonard Maltin. Supplemental features: a conversation with Fess Parker, The Davy Crockett craze, gallery. DVD 948

Dead Man (1995)
Directed by Jim Jarmusch. Cast: Johnny Depp, John Hurt, Gabriel Byrne, Iggy Pop, Robert Mitchum, Gary Farmer, Lance Henriksen, Michael Wincott, Mili Avital. " Dead Man is the story of a young man's journey, both physically and spiritually, into very unfamiliar terrain. William Blake travels to the extreme western frontiers of America sometime in the 2nd half of the 19th century. Lost and badly wounded, he encounters a very odd, outcast Native American, named "Nobody," who believes Blake is actually the dead English poet of the same name. The story, with Nobody's help, leads William Blake through situations that are in turn comical and violent. Contrary to his nature, circumstances transform Blake into a hunted outlaw, a killer, and a man whose physical existence is slowly slipping away. Thrown into a world that is cruel and chaotic, his eyes are opened to the fragility that defines the realm of the living. It is as though he passes through the surface of a mirror, and emerges into a previously-unknown world that exists on the other side." [Internet Movie Database] 121 min. DVD 963
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Deerslayer (Lederstrumpf, 1. Teil: Der Wildtöter und Chingachgook)(Germany, 1920)
Directed by Arthur Wellin. Cast: Emil Mamelok, Herta Heden, Bela Lugosi, Gottfried Kraus, Edward Eyseneck, Margot Sokolowska, Heddy Sve. In this adaptation of James Fenimore Cooper's story, filmed in the European countryside, Deerslayer and Chingachgook (Bela Lugosi) aid British settlers harassed by the French and Indians in early 18th-century New York. Based on the novel by James Fenimore Cooper. 59 min. DVD X4484
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Devil's Doorway (1949)
Directed by Anthony Mann. Cast: Robert Taylor, Louis Calhern, Paula Raymond, Marshall Thompson, James Mitchell, Edgar Buchanan. Lance Poole, a Shoshone Indian, returns to his home in Medicine Bow, Wyoming, having won the Congressional Medal of Honor for his service in the Civil War. Despite his honorable war record, Lance is shunned by the white townspeople, who bear a grudge against him and his father because of their hold on the richest land in the region. Notable as one of the earliest films sympathetic to Native Americans. 84 min. DVD X6561
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Anthony Mann bibliography

The Doe Boy (USA | Japan, 2001)
Directed by Randy Redroad. Cast: James Duval, Kevin Anderson, Jeri Arredondo, Jade Hererra, Gordon Tootoosis. This coming-of-age films tells the story of Hunter, a half Cherokee with hemophilia (a "white man's disease"), whose teen angst is compounded by his confusing cultural identity. With an overprotective mother and a distant father, Hunter learns from his grandfather the courage to find the love he desperately seeks. 87 min. DVD 2973
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Benson, Melanie R. "The native screen: American Indians in contemporary southern film." In: American cinema and the southern imaginary / edited by Deborah E. Barker and Kathryn McKee. Athens : University of Georgia Press, c2011. (Full-text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.S66 A44 2011)
Gibson, D. "At the movies." Native Peoples v. 15 no. 3 (March/April 2002) p. 15 UC users only
Wood, Houston. "North American indigenous films after 2000." In: Native features : indigenous films from around the world / Houston Wood. New York : Continuum, 2008. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.I49 W66 2008)

Dreamkeeper (TV, 2003)
Directed by Steve Barron. Cast: August Schellenberg, Eddie Spears, Gil Birmingham, Sheila Tousey, Nathan Chasing Horse, Chaske Spencer, Gloria Eshkibok, Kimberly Norris Guerrero, Sean Wei Mah. Teenage Shane Chasing Horse is a member of the Dog Soldiers gang on the Pine Ridge Reservation. His mom asks him to take his grandpa Old Pete Chasing Horse to the All Nations Storytelling Powwow in Santa Fe, NM. As they drive across South Dakota in a beat-up old Ford, Grandpa tells stories about magical Lakota legends which are re-enacted with the help of computer-generated images. 180 min. [Includes original television soundtrack on compact disc; 54 min. ] DVD 2968
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Davids, Brent Michael. "DreamKeeper." Native Peoples Magazine, May/Jun2003, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p66-67, 2p UC users only

Drums Along the Mohawk (1939)
Directed by John Ford. Cast: Claudette Colbert, Henry Fonda, Edna May Oliver, John Carradine, Jessie Ralph, Arthur Shields. A historical drama set in the Revolutionary period that tells the story of a young frontier leader, his spirited wife, and their struggles in the backwoods of New York state. Blue Back (Chief Big Tree) is a Christian Indian, and loyal companion of the white hero. The Iroquois, led by a Tory, are bloodthirsty enemies who burn and pillage. 103 min. DVD 4090; vhs 999:699
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Duel in the Sun (1946)
Directed by King Vidor. Cast: Jennifer Jones, Joseph Cotten, Gregory Peck, Lionel Barrymore, Herbert Marshall, Lillian Gish, Walter Huston, Charles Bickford. The hot-blooded son of a Texas land baron and his clear-headed, calm brother become rivals when they meet a beautiful half-breed Indian girl (Jennifer Jones!) who comes to live on their ranch. Based on Duel in the Sun by Niven Busch (Cleveland, New York, The World Publishing Company, 1946) - NRLF #B 4 089 530 131 min. DVD 6689;
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Early Westerns (silents) Part I
Various (1912-1920) 999:542

The Egg and I (1947)
Directed by Charles Lamont. Cast: Claudette Colbert, Fred MacMurray, Marjorie Main, Percy Kilbride, Richard Long, Louis Allbritton. "For better or worse" begins on their wedding night when a man tells his bride he's quit the brokerage business and plans to raise chickens on a rustic farm miles from civilization. Like other Ma and Kettle movies, features the stock "humorous" Indian characters "Geoduck" (John Berkes) and "Crowbar" (Victor Potel). 198 min. 999:3102
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Fast Runner (Atanarjuat) (Canada, 2001)
Director,Zacharias Kunuk. Cast: Natar Ungalaaq, Sylvia Ivalu, Peter Henry Arnatsiaq, Lucy Tulugarjuk, Madeline Ivalu, Pauloosie Qulitalik, Eugene Ipkarnak, Pakak Innuksuk. A small Inuit community in the Northwest Terrorities of Canada is cursed by an unknown shaman. When Atanarjuat falls in love with a woman already promised to the son of the clan's leader, he has to fight for her. She is won by Atanarjuat and the leader plots to attack him in his sleep. Escaping, he sets off running across the ice, embarking on a harrowing adventure of survival in the brutal wilderness. He returns stronger and wiser to reclaim his life and stop the curse that has divided his people. 161 min. DVD 1605
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Raheja, Michelle H. "Reading Nanook's Smile: Visual Sovereignty, Indigenous Revisions of Ethnography, and Atanarjuat." American Quarterly. Dec 2007. Vol. 59, Iss. 4; p. 1159 (28 pages) UC users only

A Feather in His Hare (1948)
Directed by Chuck Jones. Animated short. A myopic Mohican tries to catch Bugs. Bugs leads the Indian to the rabbit hole with hundreds of signs. Bugs gets tied to a stake and gets away, hitting the guy with snowballs (it's too cold to throw them in the winter). He parts the guy's hair with a tomahawk, and makes a clay jar to smack him with. "Who does dis character think he is anyway?" asks Bugs. The Indian replies: "Me? Me the last of the Mohicans." Pointing skyward, Bugs says: "Oh, da last of da Mohicans, eh? Well, look up, Geronimo." Up above are storks bringing baby Indians. The Indian faints. Bugs says "Oh, Prunella!" and laughs, then looks up and see storks bringing hundreds of baby bunnies. The baby rabbits say, "Ehh, what's up, Pop?" In a classic scene where Bugs is tied up, the Indian has a kettle on the fire and is slicing carrots and onions into the pot. Bugs keeps moving from place to place, and the Indian keeps picking up the kettle and moving near to where Bugs is. DVD 8510

Flags of Our Fathers(2006)
Directed by Clint Eastwood. Cast: Ryan Phillippe, Jesse Bradford, Adam Beach, John Benjamin Hickey, Barry Pepper, Jamie Bell, Paul Walker, Joseph Cross, Benjamin Walker, Tom McCarthy, George Grizzard, Harve Presnell, George Hearn, Len Cariou. The story of the five Marines and one Navy corpsman that were forever immortalized as a symbol of WWII by raising the American flag at the battle of Iwo Jima. One of the marines was Ira Hayes, a Pima Indian from Arizona. See also Wikipedia article on this film, which includes some of Hayes'(Adam Beach) dialog 132 min. DVD 7138
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Flaming Star (1960)
Director, Don Siegel. Cast: Elvis Presley, Barbara Eden, Steve Forrest, Delores Del Rio, John McIntire. Set in west Texas in the years after the Civil War, this is the story of a half-breed who's mother is an Indian and whose father is white who is torn between two worlds. After an Indian uprising, his problems mount as he is feared by the whites, mistrusted by Indians and hunted by both. 92 min. DVD 1292
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Hershfield, Joanne. "Dolores del Río, Uncomfortably Real: The Economics of Race in Hollywood’s Latin American Musicals." In: Classic Hollywood, classic whiteness / Daniel Bernardi, editor. Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press, c2001. (Full text available online (UCB users only); Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.M56 C59 2001)
Hershfield, Joanne. The invention of Dolores del Rio / Joanne Hershfield. Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press, c2000. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN2318.D4 H47 2000; Chicano Studies PN2318.D4 H38 2000)

Fort Apache (1948)
Directed by John Ford. Cast: John Wayne, Henry Fonda, Shirley Temple, Pedro Armendariz, Ward Bond, Irene Rich. In this drama of war on the American frontier between the Apache Indians and the U.S. Cavalry, a military martinet assumes command of a desert fort where his rigid leadership creates dissension and conflict among his family and staff. Frank Nugent, who wrote the script for Fort Apache, recounted the following regarding Ford's approach to history and myth in his movies: "He gave me a list of about fifty books to read - memoires, novels, anything about the period. Later, he sent me down into the old Apache country to nose around, get the smell and feel of the land... When I got back, Ford asked me if I thought I had enough research. I said yes. 'Good,' he said, 'Now just forget everything you've read, and we'll start writing a movie.'" (Anderson, Lindsay. About John Ford. London: Plexus, 1981. pp. 77-79) 127 min. DVD 5669
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Frigid Hare (1949)
Directed by Chuck Jones. Animated short. Bugs rescues a penguin from an Inuit hunter at the South Pole and becomes obligated to it beyond his wildest dreams. DVD 6006; DVD 2073

Frozen River (2008)
Directed by Courtney Hunt. Cast: Melissa Leo, Misty Upham, Charlie McDermott, Michael O'Keefe, Mark Boone Junior. Takes place in the days before Christmas near a little-known border crossing on the Mohawk reservation between New York State and Quebec. Ray, a white woman, and Lila, a Mohawk, both single mothers facing desperate circumstances, are drawn by the lure of fast money into the world of border smuggling across the frozen water of the St. Lawrence River. 93 min. DVD X1126
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Geronimo: An American Legend (1993)
Directed by Walter Hill. Cast: Wes Studi, Jason Patric, Robert Duvall, Gene Hackman, Matt Damon. Betrayed by the Army's legendary "Indian fighter" General George Crook, Geronimo leads a small band of warriors in escape, but is pursued by a principled officer, a grizzled army scout, and a gung-ho West Point graduate. 115 min. DVD 2045
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Grey Owl (1999)
Directed by Richard Attenborough. Cast: Pierce Brosnan, Annie Galipeau, Stewart Bick, Vlasta Vrana, Neil Kroetsch, Serge Houde. A frontier trapper living in Canada in the 1930s adopts the ways of the wild, finds love among the indians, and fights to protect the land he loves in this film based on the true life story of Archie Grey Owl. Special features include two interviews with the real Grey Owl. 118 min. DVD 6643
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Harold of Orange
A satirical comedy that explores the interaction of American Indians and philanthropic organizations. Draws on trickster myths common to many Indian tribes to dispel Hollywood stereotypes of the "wild Indian" and the "noble savage". 32 min. Video/C 2087

Silberman, Robert. "Gerald Vizenor And Harold Of Orange: From Word Cinemas To Real Cinema." American Indian Quarterly 1985 9(1): 4-21.

Heart of an Indian (aka The Indian Massacre) (1912)
Directed by Thomas Ince. Cast: Francis Ford (The Indian Chief), Ann Little, Grace Cunard, William Eagle Shirt."When Indians attack a white settlement, a brave kidnaps a white baby to give to his wife as a replacement for their dead baby. The white mother goes to the Indian camp to look for her child and is captured by the Indians who plan to torture her. The settlers attack the Indian camp, destroying it completely and killing the braves, while the Indian wife returns the baby to the white woman and allows her to escape. The Indian wife mourns her baby at its grave, unaware of the destruction of the Indian camp." [IMDB] 20 min. DVD 9450

Heart of an Indian Maiden (1911)
Director: Unknown. Cast: Pearl White. To escape death that awaits him at the hands of the Indians, a bison hunter kept prisoner resigns himself to marry the tribal chief’s daughter, who has fallen madly in love with him. But one night he manages to escape and finds his wife and child. Humiliated and wronged, the young squaw in love is not in the mood for revenge however. The Indian represents one of the roles characteristic of a cinematographic genre that established itself in the twenties.

Watch this film online via the Europa Film Treasures

The History of the Luiseño People: La Jolla Reservation, Christmas 1990
A Native American man makes Christmas phone calls to family members that he will not be with for the holiday, revealing his loneliness and alienation. Written and performed by James Luna; produced and directed by Isaac Artenstein. 29 min. Video/C 5149

Kathleen McHugh. Biography. "Profane Illuminations: History and Collaboration in James Luna and Isaac Artenstein's The History Of The Luiseño People." Summer 2008. Vol. 31, Iss. 3; pg. 429, 33 pgs UC users only

Hiawatha's Rabbit Hunt (1941)
Directed by Directed by Friz Freleng. Animated short. "Due to pressure from Warner Bros., this cartoon was one of 11 pulled from rotation by the Cartoon Network for its 2001 "June Bugs" marathon, which was to show the complete chronology of Bugs Bunny cartoons. This is in addition to the "Censored 11" that have been withheld from distribution since 1968. The reason given was its purportedly offensive depiction of Native Americans." [Internet Movie Database] DVD 9503; also included on DVD 6283
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

I Will Fight No More Forever (1975)
David Wolper Productions. Cast: James Whitmore, Ned Romero, Sam Elliott. Dramatization of the story of Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce Indians and his efforts to free his people. 109 min. Video/C 2257
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Images of Indians Series.

The Great Movie Massacre. Explores the beginning of the "savage Indian" myth in popular American literature which was perpetuated in the Wild West shows such as Buffalo Bill's, and on into the scripts written for the early motion pictures. The myth was used to advance the drama of the story without regard to historical fact in many cases. 28 min. DVD 9057; vhs Video/C 1840

How Hollywood Wins the West. Explores the concept of "manifest destiny" or the taking of Indian lands which "nobody owned" by the white man in the early nineteenth century. The film clips used point out the lack of historical facts found in Hollywood films concerning this era have helped perpetuate the concept through generations of viewers. 29 min. DVD 9057; vhs Video/C 1841

Warpaint and Wigs. Shows the sharp contrast between contemporary Native American actors and the policies of Hollywood. Emphasizes the treatment of American Indians in light of the stereotype perpetuated in the media. 29 min. DVD 9057; vhs Video/C 1842

Heathen Injuns and the Hollywood Gospel. Emphasizes the beliefs and culture of American Indians are seldom portrayed accurately in the Hollywood motion picture. 28 min. DVD 9057; vhs Video/C 1843

The Movie Reel Indians. Emphasizes the effect of the movies' image of the American Indian on Indians themselves and American society. 28 min. DVD 9057; vhs Video/C 1844

Imagining Indians.
Using an eclectic mix of interviews, staged scenes and graphic imagery, this film represents a Native American's view of the disparity between self-perception and the white culture's principally Hollywood-inspired interpretations of American Indians. Includes an eye-opening Native American perspective on recent popular films by Kevin Costner and Robert Redford. 57 min. Video/C 3973

Hearne, Joanna. "John Wayne's Teeth: Speech, Sound and Representation in 'Smoke Signals' and 'Imagining Indians'. Western Folklore 2005 64(3-4): 189-208 20p. UC users only
Rony, Fatimah Tobing. "Victor Masayesva, Jr., and the Politics of Imagining Indians." Film Quarterly, vol. 48 no. 2. 1994-1995 Winter. pp: 20-33.

In MacArthur Park (1977)
Directed by Bruce Schwartz. Cast: Adam Silver, James Espinoza, Marcy Eudal, Pete Homer, Doug Laffoon. Triam Lee, a Mojave Indian turns to a life of crime in order to support his family. After inadvertently murdering someone, he has to face racist police and his own guilt before he can return to his reservation in Arizona. 83 min. DVD 4910
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The Indian in the Cupboard (1995)
Directed by Frank Oz. Cast: Hal Scardino, Litefoot, Lindsay Crouse, Richard Jenkins, Rishi Bhat, David Keith. On his 9th birthday, Omri receives a cupboard that magically brings his toy Indian Little Bear to life. They bond, embarking on an amazing adventure, until Omri's friend Patrick brings a 6-shooting cowboy to life and the secret of the cupboard is in danger of being revealed. Based on the children's novel : Indian in the cupboard by Lynne Reid Banks. 96 min. DVD X692
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Into the West (TV, 2005)
Directed by Robert Dornhelm, Sergio Mimica-Gezzan, Jeremy Podeswa, Timothy Van Patten, Mikael W. Watkins, Simon Wincer. Cast: Simon R. Baker, Matthew Settle, Josh Brolin, Tonantzin Carmelo, Gary Busey, Michael Spears, Zahn McClarnon, Skeet Ulrich, Will Patton, Gordon Tootoosis, Alan Tudyk, Beau Bridges,Jessica Capshaw. Jacob Wheeler leaves his dull life behind to strike out west, while Loved By the Buffalo faces his destiny to try to fight a prophecy that his people will be wiped out by the settlers. Jacob marries Loved By the Buffalo's sister Thunder Heart Woman, uniting the two families while around them relations between the two races crumble. 522 min. DVD 4859
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Lakota Woman (1994)
Directed by Frank Pierson. Cast: August Schellenberg, Joseph Runningfox, Floyd Red Crow Westerman, Tantoo Cardinal, Irene Bedard. Anger that's been swirling for 100 years finally explodes like a force of nature. This is a dramatization of the inspiring, true story of the 1973 uprising that united Native Americans in their fight for survival. One woman rises from ignorance and fear to meet the challenge of her proud heritage during a bloody siege in which 2,000 Native Americans stood their ground and vowed never to be silent again. Based on the biography by Mary Crow Dog and Richard Erdoes. 118 min. 999:1491
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In the Land of the War Canoes: Kwakiutl Indian Life on the Northwest Coast (aka In the Land of the Headhunters)(1914)
Presents an epic saga of Kwakiutl Indian life on the northwest coast of America as filmed in the summer of 1914 at Kwakiutl villages on Vancouver Island, Canada. The photographer, Edward S. Curtis, who devoted his life to documenting the disappearing world of the American Indian, spent three years with the Kwakiutl to meticulously recreate their way of life before the white man came as depicted in this film. 47 min. DVD 373; also on VHS Video/C 3395
Credits and other information from the American Film Institute Catalog (UCB users only)

Books and articles about Curtis in the UCB Library

The Last of His Tribe (TV, 1992)
Directed by Harry Hook. Cast: Jon Voight, Graham Greene, David Ogden Stiers, Jack Blessing, Anne Archer. A sole survivor of the massacre of his people, Ishi has been discovered by Dr. Kroeber and his wife Henriette. Ishi carries the secrets of his people--how they lived and how they died--secrets no white man knows. Dr. Kroeber makes it his mission to uncover them before the last of the Yahi is gone forever. Originally produced for HBO television. 1992. 90 min. DVD X5517; vhs 999:1930
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Root, Deborah. "Blood, vengeance & the anxious liberal." Cineaction; Fall 1993, Issue 32, p43-49, 7p

The Last of the Dogmen (1995)
Directed by Tab Murphy. Cast: Tom Berenger, Barbara Hershey, Kurtwood Smith, Steve Reevis, Andrew Miller. Modern bounty hunter Lewis Gates is hired to track down three dangerous fugitives who have escaped into the Montana wilderness. When the fugitives are found murdered, Gates retrieves a mysterious arrow which he takes to a female native Indian anthropologist. Together they venture further into the mountains and discover an Indian tribe thought massacred over 100 years ago. Now its a desperate race against time if they are to save the last of the Dogmen from the destructive forces of the modern world. 118 min. DVD 4037
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

The Last of the Mohicans (1920, silent)
Directed by Maurice Tourneur. Cast: Barbara Bedford, Lilian Hall, Wallace Beery, Albert Roscoe. Based on The Last of the Mohicans by James Fenimore Cooper (UCB Moffitt PS1408 .A1 1932; PS1408 .A1 1951; PS1408.A2 M38 1990; UCB Main Stack PS1408 .A1 1962; PS1408.A2 M38 1990. Other editions also available). 74 min. DVD 4318; vhs 999:1536
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Last of the Mohicans (1992)
Directed by Michael Mann. Cast: Daniel Day-Lewis, Madeleine Stowe, Jodhi May, Russell Means, Wes Studi. The love of Hawkeye, rugged frontiersman and adopted son of the Mohicans, and Cora Munro, aristocratic daughter of a British colonel, blazes amidst a brutal conflict between the British, the French and Native American allies in colonial America. Based on The Last of the Mohicans by James Fenimore Cooper (UCB Moffitt PS1408 .A1 1932; PS1408 .A1 1951; PS1408.A2 M38 1990; UCB Main Stack PS1408 .A1 1962; PS1408.A2 M38 1990. Other editions also available).114 min. DVD 8195; vhs 999:1499
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The Last of the Mohicans (The Golden Years of Television)
Cast: John Hart, Lon Chaney, David Hastings, Brian Smyth, Iris Krangle. Two episodes from the 1950's television adventure series that followed the life and death struggles of the scout, Hawkeye, and his Mohican campanion, Chingachgook, during the French and Indian War in Colonial America. Program originally telecast the 1950's. 53 min. Video/C 6785

Little Big Horn (1951)
Directed by Charles Marquis Warren. Cast: Lloyd Bridges, John Ireland, Marie Windsor, Reed Hadley, Jim Davis, Hugh O'Brian. A cavalry patrol discovers a horde of Indians ready to ambush Custer's 7th Cavalry. They set out to warn Gen. Custer that he is about to embark on a suicidal mission. 86 min. DVD X6576
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Little Big Man (1970)
Directed by Arthur Penn. Cast: Dustin Hoffman, Martin Balsam, Jeff Corey, Chief Dan George, Faye Dunaway, Richard Mulligan. Jack Crabb (Dustin Hoffman) is 121 years old. And he's done it all. He's been a full-fledged Cheyenne, an Indian fighter, a snake oil merchant, master gunman, drinking buddy of wild Bill Hickok, colleague of Buffalo Bill, and is the only survivor of Custer's Last Stand. Crabb is either the Old West's most neglected hero or the biggest liar ever to cross the Mississippi. Little Big Man is Jack Crabb's story. In their article, "The Hollywood Indian in Little Big Man: A Revisionist View," Margo Kasdan and Susan Tavernetti comment: " In Little Big Man, Arthur Penn directed a film that inverts the mythologies of American frontier history usually presented in the western genre, and, in particular, the story of the westward expansion. The film combines established generic conventions--the post-Civil War period, Great Plains setting, conflict between whites and Indians--with a reconsideration of western history, a revisionist treatment of legendary figures of the time, of the western hero, and of Native Americans in a comic and ironic tone. This combination makes the film distinctive (while at the same time sows the seeds for such contemporary westerns as Dances with Wolves). (Film & History, xxiii (1993), 70). Based on the novel Little Big Man by Thomas Berger (Main Stack PS3552.Be63.L5; Moffitt PS3552.E719.L5)140 min. DVD 1738; vhs 999:420
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Little Dove's Romance. (1911)
Directed by Fred J. Balshofer. Cast: Red Wing, James Young Deer, Charles Inslee. DVD X2824
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Little Hiawatha. (1937)
Animated short. Little Hiawatha tells the story of a young Indian boy who would like to be a brave hunter, but finds himself befriending, rather than hunting, the animals of the woods. DVD 6860
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Lone Ranger: Message to Fort Apache
Cast: the quintessential, loyal, taciturn sidekick, Tonto (Jay Silverheels). 999:1357

Ma and Pa Kettle (1949)
Directed by Charles Lamont. Cast: Marjorie Main, Percy Kilbride, Richard Long, Meg Randall, Patricia Alphin, Esther Dale, Barry Kelley, Harry Antrim, Ida Moore, Emory Parnell. In this hilarious adventure, Ma and Pa's farm house, a building so rickety it's about to be condemned, is replaced by an ultra-modern prefab that Pa wins by dreaming up a slogan for a tobacco company. Like other Ma and Kettle movies, features the stock "humorous" Indian characters "Geoduck" (Lester Allen) and "Crowbar" (Chief Yowlachie, a Yakama Indian actor) 76 min. 999:3105
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A Man Called Horse (1970)
Directed by Elliot Silverstein. Cast: Richard Harris, Dame Judith Anderson, Jean Gascon, Manu Tupou, Corinna Tsopei. An English aristocrat is taken prisoner by a tribe of American Sioux Indians and given to the chief's aging mother as a servant. Gradually, he embraces the tribe's way of life and falls in love with the chief's sister. The constant threat of ambush by a rival tribe and rigors of survival now fill the days of this man called "Horse." He is eventually given a chance to prove his worthiness and be accepted into the tribe. But in order to be accepted with honor as an equal within the tribe, he must endure the Sun Vow. Based on a story by Dorothy M. Johnson. 115 min. DVD X882
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Georgakas, Dan. "They Have Not Spoken: American Indians in Film." Film Quarterly , Vol. 25, No. 3 (Spring, 1972), pp. 26-32 UC users only

Medicine River (Canada, 1993)
Director, Stuart Margolin. Cast: Graham Greene, Tom Jackson, Sheila Tousey, Janet-Laine Green, Byron Chief Moon. An international photo-journalist's life is turned upside down when he returns home to his Indian community in Alberta after an absence of 20 years to attend his mother's funeral. 96 min. 999:3703
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The Mended Lute: A Stirring Romance of the Dakotas (1909)
Directed by D.W. Griffith. Cast: Florence Lawrence (Rising Moon), Frank Powell (Chief Great Elk Horn), Owen Moore (Little Bear). Rising Moon loves Little Bear, but her father prefers Standing Rock, a richer suitor. Standing Rock takes her to his teepee under guard, but she escapes and joins Little Bear as they attempt to escape. vhs 999:595
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Jay, Gregory S. "'White Man's Book No Good': D. W. Griffith and the American Indian." Cinema Journal, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 3-26, Summer 2000. UC users only
The Mission (UK, 1986)
Directed by Roland Joffe. Cast: Robert De Niro, Jeremy Irons. This film is a powerful epic about a man of the sword and a man of the cloth who unite to shield a South American Indian tribe from brutal subjegation by 18th century colonial empires. Special DVD features (Disc 1): Cast & crew, commentary, awards, theatrical trailer. (Disc 2) ; Bonus documentary, Omnibus, visits the Waunana Indians who portrayed the film's Guarani Indians. 125 min. DVD 9109; vhs 999:1128
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Vest, Jay Hansford C. "The Jesuit republic and brother care in The Mission: An allegory of the Conquest." American Indian Culture and Research Journal 29.3 (Summer 2005): 25-57.

Molly Moo-Cow and the Indians (1935)
Animated short featuring: Molly Moo-Cow, Indian Squaw, Papoose, Indian Brave, Two Ducks. "Molly, the farm ducks and all are heading west in a wagon train. Along the way, the busybody ducks happen on an Indian camp, and they and Molly play around. When the papoose of the Indian mom falls into the river, Molly comes to the rescue. The ducks, being silly about who will dive in after the babe, soon find themselves captured by the Indian hunter for dinner, with Molly again to the rescue, and of course, the mom of the rescued babe. Molly saves the Indian woman from the abusive brave. She also saves the papoose from drowning, and the ducks from the brave. In the end, Molly and the ducks do continue on westward." [description from The Big Cartoon Database] 7 min. DVD 2356

Naturally Native (1998)
Directed by Jennifer Wynne Farmer and Valerie Red-Horse. Cast: Valerie Red-Horse, Irene Bedard, Kimberly Norris, Pato Hoffman, Mark Abbott, Collin Bernsen, Mary Kay Place, Carol Potter, Floyd Red Crow Westerman. This drama follows the lives and relationships of three sisters of American Indian ancestry as they attempt to start their own business. Adopted by white foster parents as young children, each sister has her own identity issues. Now dedicated to starting a Native cosmetic business, they attempt to overcome obstacles both in the business world and in the home. The film also interweaves a subtle but strong wake-up call regarding the treatment of Native people in corporate America, and provides some insight into tribal infrastructure and gaming issues. This is the first film about Native American women written, directed, produced and starring Native American women. 110 min. 999:3630
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Iglesias, D. C. Naturally native. Native Peoples v. 14 no. 3 (March/April 2001) p. 60 UC users only
Lovell, Glenn. "Naturally Native." Variety 369.n13 (Feb 9, 1998): 73(1).

The New World (USA | UK, 2006)
Directed by Terrence Malick. Cast: Colin Farrell, Christopher Plummer, Christian Bale, August Schellenberg, Wes Studi, Q'Orianka Kilcher. Set admidst the first encounter of European and Native American cultures during the founding of the Jamestown Virginia settlement in 1607. Tells the classic tale of Pocahontas and her relationships with adventurer John Smith and aristocrat John Rolfe. This woman's journey of love lost and found again takes her from the untouched beauty of the Virginia wilderness to the upper crust of English society as we witness the dawn of a new America. 135 min. DVD 5563
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Old Pioneer (1933)
Directed by Rudolf Ising. Animated short. MGM. In this first entry in MGM's Happy Harmonies series, an old man tells a newsboy about his adventures with Native Americans in the Old West. Included on DVD 9066
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One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975)
Directed by Milos Forman. Cast: Jack Nicholson, Louise Fletcher, William Redfield, Will Simpson. In this film adaptation, Chief Bromden (Will Simpson) is the hero's friend and protector. Pauline Kael, writing in the New Yorker, commented that: "The film has its climatic Indian-White love-death, and at the end of Keasy's reversal of the American legend (now the White man is sacrificed for the Indian) is satisfying on the deepest post-myth level." (December 1, 1975; 134). Based on One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest by Ken Kesey (Main Stack PS3561.E667.O537 1988; Moffitt PS3561.E667.O537 1988; other editions also available) DVD 343; vhs 999:377
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors

Academy Awards - Best Picture; Best Director
British Academy of Film and Television Arts Awards - Best Film; Best Direction; Best Actor (Jack Nicholson); Best Actress (Louise Fletcher); Best Supporting Actor (Brad Dourif)
Golden Globe Awards - Best Picture; Best Director
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards - Best Picture
Directors Guild of America, USA - Outstanding Directorial Achievement
National Film Registry Selection

Out West(1918)
Cast: Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle and Buster Keaton. Arbuckle's first attempt at movie parody, poking fun at the already cliched cowboy western. The film also contains some heavy racism. DVD 669; vhs 999:912

Paddle to the Sea (Canada, 1966)
Directed by Bill Mason. A young Native American boy carves a small wooden man into a canoe. Follows the adventures of the tiny craft as it forges its own path from Lake Superior through the Great Lakes and down to the Atlantic Ocean. A thrilling journey across the waves and rapids of North America. Based on the book by Holling C. Holling. 28 min. DVD X4081
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The Paleface (1948)
Directed by Norman Z. McLeod. Cast: Bob Hope, Jane Russell, Robert Armstrong, Iris Adrian, Robert Watson. Calamity Jane is despatched to find out who's smuggling rifles to the Indians, and winds up married to a hapless correspondence school dentist as part of her cover.Special features: "Entertaining the troops"; command performance 1945, "Buttons & Bows" sing-along ; photograph gallery ; theatrical trailer ; production notes ; casts and filmmakers. 91 min. DVD X5839
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Paleface (1921)
Directed by Buster Keaton. Cast:Keaton, Joe Roberts. Indians are told by evil oilmen to vacate their land in one day. The Indian chief tells his braves to kill the first white man they see, and Buster appears, chasing a butterfly. After being tied to a stake - upon which he is to be burned, and which he keeps moving around - he becomes one of the tribe and helps them with their fight. 33 min. DVD 254; VHS 999:910
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Peter Pan (1953)
Disney. This animated story begins when the hero of Wendy, John and Michael's bedtime stories--Peter Pan--returns to the nursery and invites them on a magical journey to Never Land. With the help of Tinker Bell, his feisty sidekick, and a dazzling shower of pixie dust, Peter Pan teaches them to fly. Off they soar to an enchanted island filled with wonder and adventure. Before they know it, they're knee-deep in a high-flying battle with swashbuckling pirates, led by Peter's arch enemy, Captain Hook--whose time is nearly up against a ticktocking crocodile.

"...the books [by British novelist and playwright J. M. Barrie] have been accused of both racism and sexism. The former charge primarily concerns the portrayal of Native Americans in Peter And Wendy ? the portrayal is highly stereotypical, with Native Americans being shown as warlike primitives who speak in guttural tones. Barrie's treatment of female characters has also been criticized by modern readers ? most of the female characters in Peter And Wendy (Wendy, Tinker Bell, Tiger Lily, and the mermaids) fawn over Peter Pan (and Tinker Bell makes several attempts on Wendy's life, out of jealousy), yet Peter ignores all of their affections. This criticism is also leveled against several more recent adaptations of the story, most notably the 1953 animated Disney film which contains a song often criticized as offensive, "What Makes The Red Man Red?", a catalog of Native American stereotypes." [Wikipedia]:

"Once the Injun didn't know/ all the things that he know now / But the Injun he sure learn a lot/ And it's all from asking "How" What made the red man red/ Let's go back a million years/ to the very first Indian Prince He kiss a maid and start to blush/ and we've all been blushin' since."

76 min. DVD 136; VHS 999:220

Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Pocahontas (Disney, 1995)
An animated, "sanitized-for-your-protection" musical version of Pocahontas, the young daughter of Chief Powhatan meets up with a shipful of English settlers led by their courageous captain John Smith. Their friendship leads to events that will change history as the native Americans and English settlers learn to live side by side. The laser disc includes behind-the-scenes documentary "The Making of Disney's Pocahontas" plus additional bonus material including early concept art and animation tests, background on the creation and development of characters, storyboards and story reels, abandoned concepts and characters, deleted musical sequences, deleted animation, trailers, publicity and promotions. 193 min. DVD 1417; Video Disc 157
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

PowWow Highway (1989)
Directed by Jonathan Wacks. Cast: Cast: A. Martinez, Gary Farmer, Amanda Wyss. Philbert, a Cheyenne Indian from Montana, goes on vision quest to find enlightenment. After he meets Buddy Red Bow, a fiery Indian activist, things really start to happen. Based on the novel of the same title by David Seals (MAIN: PS3569.E1725 P69 1990; Native American Studies: PS3569.S43 P69 1990). 91 min. DVD 3219; vhs 999:445
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Ramona: A Story of the White Man's Injustice to the Indian(1910)
Director, D.W. Griffith. Photographer, G. W. Bitzer; adapted from the novel by Helen Hunt Jackson. Cast, Mary Pickford, Henry B. Walthall. 16 min. DVD 8670
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The Redman's View (1909)
Directed by D.W. Griffith. Cast: Owen Moore, James Kirkwood, Kate Bruce. An Indian village is forced to leave its land by white settlers, and must make a long and weary journey to find a new home. The settlers make one young Indian woman stay behind. This woman is thus separated from her sweetheart, whose elderly father needs his help on the journey ahead. DVD 1399; vhs 999:3392

Redskin(1929)
Director, Victor Schertzinger; writer, Elizabeth Pickett. Cast, Richard Dix, Gladys Belmont, Tully Marshall. "After attending preparatory school and college in the East, Wing Foot returns to his Navajo tribe and renounces their customs and beliefs, becoming an outcast among his own people. Wing Foot later secretly visits the village of a rival tribe in order to see Corn Blossom, his sweetheart, who has also been to school in the East. Her people discover his presence, and he is forced to flee into the desert, where he discovers oil. White prospectors also find the oil, and Wing Foot races them to the claim office, filing his claim first. Faced with marriage to a man she does not love, Corn Blossom takes refuge in the Navajo village. Her people come to take her back, and a pitched battle between the tribes is averted only when Wing Foot arrives and tells both tribes of the new good fortune of the Indian nations. He then claims Corn Blossom as his own." [AFI Catalog] 82 min. DVD 8670

Return of the Country (1984)
Directed by Bob Hicks. Native American and white relationships examined through a series of stereotypical role-playing. 15 min. Video/C 2007

Rhythm on the Reservation(1939)
Directed by Dave Fleischer. Animated short. Betty Boop's Swing Band (sans musicians) visits an Indian reservation where Betty teaches the braves the true meaning of 'rhythm.' DVD 7880

Romance of the Western Hills(1912)
Directed by D.W. Griffith. Cast: Mary Pickford, Alfred Paget, Arthur V. Johnson.DVD 1374; vhs 999:592
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Jay, Gregory S. "'White Man's Book No Good': D. W. Griffith and the American Indian." Cinema Journal, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 3-26, Summer 2000. UC users only

Rose-Marie (1936)
Directed by W.S. Van Dyke. Sgt. Bruce, a Canadian Mountie, encounters Marie de Flor, a glamorous prima donna renowned for her beauty, exquisite voice and fierce temperament, as he searches for her brother who has killed a Mountie. 112 min. 999:1817
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Roses of April (2007)
Directed by Claudia Damasceno. Cast: Carolina Hoyos, John Divito, Anita Poirier, Karla Legaspy. A lively yet depressing look at the intense bonds within a Native American family which are destroyed little by little, directly and indirectly by an authoritarian government. 78 min. DVD X5945
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Searchers (1956)
Directed by John Ford. Cast: John Wayne, Jeffrey Hunter, Vera Miles, Ward Bond, Natalie Wood. A Civil War veteran (John Wayne) on the trail of a Comanche raiding party that kidnapped his dead brother's daughters. A Time reviewer refers to the Indians in the film as the "same Navajo Indians (sic) who have been loosing battles in John Ford pictures since 1938) (June 25, 1960). 119 min. DVD 264; vhs 999:69
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Sergeant Rutledge (1960)
Directed by John Ford. Cast: Jeffrey Hunter, Woody Strode, Billie Burke, Constance Towers, Juano Hernandez, Willis Bouchey. In 1866, new fighting units were formed within the U.S. Calvary: the couragous 9th and 10th regiments, called "Buffalo soldiers" by the Indians. In this drama an African American 9th Calvary officer is on trial for rape and murder. Lt. Cantrell defends him as witnesses give testimony relived in flashbacks, revealing the sergeant's gallantry and eventually the shocking truth behind the alleged crimes. DVD 5659; vhs 999:2700
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She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949)
Directed by John Ford. Cast: John Wayne, Joanne Dru, John Agar, Ben Johnson, Harry Carey, Jr. Captain Nathan Brittles, a veteran of the winning of the West, was only days away from retirement. But 265 cavalrymen lie dead at Little Big Horn, and the prairie is again dark with buffalo. Convinced these are omens of victory, the Cheyenne set out to recover their lost glory, and Captain Brittles suddenly has one more job to do. 93 min. DVD 2479
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Silent Enemy: An Epic of the American Indian (USA | Canada, 1930)
Directed by H.P. Carver. A fictional documentary meticulously reconstructing the life of the Ojibway Indians before the white man had settled in the Hudson Bay area. The "enemy" they battle is the hunger that threatens the tribe. Tells of the rivalry between Baluk, the hunter, and Dagwan, the medicine man, for the chief's daughter and the leadership of the tribe in the coming winter. Filmed in Northern Ontario with an all-Indian cast. Silent with one talking sequence, music score, sound effects and English titles. 110 min. 999:891; 84 min. on DVD 1933
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Cook, Nancy. "The Scandal of Race Authenticity, The Silent Enemy, and the Problem of Long Lance." In: Headline Hollywood : a century of film scandal / edited by Adrienne L. McLean and David A. Cook. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c2001. (Main Stack PN1993.5.U65.H39 2001)
Skinner, James M. "The Portrayal of the Canadian Native in American Cinema: Selected Cases." East-West Film Journal, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 115-128, June 1988.

Sioux City (1994)
Directed by Lou Diamond Phillips. Cast: Lou Diamond Phillips, Salli Richardson, Melinda Dillon. Drama about a Native American surgeon who was given up for adoption as an infant. Returning to the Nebraska reservation where he was born to locate his natural mother, he learns that she died days earlier in a suspicious fire and soon finds himself in a dangerous confrontation with local police. 999:1609
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Skinwalkers (TV, 2002)
Directed by Chris Eyre. Cast: Wes Studi, Adam Beach, Saginaw Grant, Michael Greyeyes, Jon Proudstar, Alex Rice, Shiela Tousey, Misty Upham, Noah Watts. The Navajo Tribal Police investigate the murder of a medicine man. At the crime scene is a partially completed pictograph. One clue sends a chill through a young officer: the arrow used in the killing has a tip of human bone, a sign that a Navajo spirit -- a "skinwalker" -- is at work. 97 min. DVD 2974
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Bowman, J. "Telling it like it is: filmmaker Chris Eyre." Native Peoples v. 15 no. 3 (March/April 2002) p. 22-3UC users only
Fielding, Julien R. "Native American Religion and Film: Interviews with Chris Eyre and Sherman Alexie." Journal of Religion and Film, vol. 7, no. 1, Spring 2003.

Smoke Signals (Canada | USA, 1998)
Directed by Chris Eyre. Cast: Adam Beach, Evan Adams, Irene Bedard, Gary Farmer, Tantoo Cardinal. Two Coeur d'Alene Indians--tough, brooding Beach and likable, nerdy Adams--travel from their Idaho reservation to Phoenix to retrieve the remains of Beach's dead father and discover some truths about themselves along the way. This amusing, bittersweet road movie offers a refreshing Native American point of view. 89 min. DVD 1398; vhs 999:2197
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Alexie, Sherman. Smoke signals / introduction, screenplay, and notes by Sherman Alexie. New York : Hyperion, 1998. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1997 .S6115 1998)

Soldier Blue (1970)
Directed by Ralph Nelson. Cast: Candice Bergen, Peter Strauss, Donald Pleasance, John Anderson, Dana Elcar. A paymaster's detachment of the U.S. cavalry is attacked by Indians seeking gold, and two white survivors trek through the desert. A Vietnam era film which, like "Little Big Man" bears the influences of both anti-war and Indian activist movements of the time. 115 min. DVD 6753
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Georgakas, Dan. "They Have Not Spoken: American Indians in Film." Film Quarterly , Vol. 25, No. 3 (Spring, 1972), pp. 26-32 UC users only
O'Connor, John E. "The White Man's Indian." Film & History; Feb-Dec1993, Vol. 23 Issue 1-4, p17-26, 10p UC users only

Sons of the Great Bear (Die Sohne der Grossen Barin) (Germany, 1966)
Directed by Josef Mach. In the 1960's East German "Indianerfilms," were introduced. This movie, based on the novel by Liselotte Welskopf-Henrich tells the story of fearless Chief Tokei-ihto, whose Dakota tribe is being driven from the land of their ancestors in the interest of gold. As director, DEFA employed a Czech, Josef Mach, since East German directors did not dare enter a foreign territory and hired a Yusoglav sports teacher, Gojko Mitic, to play the role of Tokei-ihto. 93 min. 999:2553
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Birgel, Franz A. "The Sons of Great Bear/Chingachgook/Apaches." German Studies Review, Oct2007, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p715-717, 3p
Dika, Vera "An East German Indianerfilm: the bear in sheep’s clothing." Jump Cut, No. 50, spring 2008
Germans and Indians : fantasies, encounters, projections / edited by Colin G. Calloway, Gerd Gemünden, and Susanne Zantop. Lincoln : University of Nebraska Press, c2002. (Main (Gardner) Stacks F596 .G47 2002)
Gemünden, Gerd. "Between Karl May and Karl Marx: the DEFA indianerfilms (1965-1983." Film History; Vol.X nr.3 (1998); p.399-407 UC users only
Lischke, Ute; McNah, David T. "'Show Me the Money': Representations of Aboriginal People in East-German Indian Films." In: Walking a tightrope : aboriginal people and their representations / Ute Lischke and David T. McNab, editors. Waterloo, Ont. : Wilfrid Laurier University Press, c2005. (Full-text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks E78.C2 W35 2005)

Spirit Rider (Canada, TV, 1993)
Directed by Michael Scott. Cast: Graham Greene, Herbie Barnes, Gordon Tootoosis, Michelle St. John, Adam Beach, Tom Jackson, Tantoo Cardinal. Filmed on location in the province of Manitoba, Canada. Without warning, a 16 year-old Native American orphan is uprooted from his latest foster home and returned to the reservation of his birth. He slowly begins to adjust to his new life with his grandfather but someone who knows the awful secret surrounding his mother's death is determined to destroy his newfound happiness. For the two adversaries, an annual horse race culminates in a life-and-death struggle that could finish them both. 94 min. DVD 2967
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The Squaw Man (1914)
Directed by Cecil B. DeMille; co-director, Oscar C. Apfel. Cast: Dustin Farnum, Art Acord, Cecil B. DeMille, Cecilia de Mille, 'Baby' Carmen De Rue, William Elmer, Mrs. A.W. Filson, Haidee Fuller, Winifred Kingston, Foster Knox, Red Wing, Joseph Singleton, Monroe Salisbury, Hal Roach, Fred Montague, Richard L'Estrange, Dick La Reno. Captain Wynnegate flees England and heads out West after accepting the blame for embezzling charity funds though knowing that his cousin Sir Henry is guilty. Afer many lonely months he marries an Indain girl who eventually dies. Into the ruins of his second shattered life steps the secret love he left behind in England, with news that could reconcile him with his ignoble past. Written, produced and directed by Cecil B. De Mille, the Squaw Man was reported to be the first feature length film shot in Hollywood. He later made two remakes of the film (1918, 1931). 81 min. DVD 6117
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Hearne, Joanna. ""The cross-heart people": race and inheritance in the silent Western." Journal of Popular Film and Television 30.4 (Wntr 2003): 181(16). UCB users only

The Squaw's Love (silent, 1911)
Directed by D.W. Griffith. Cast: Kate Bruce, William J. Butler, Donald Crisp, Dark Cloud, Grace Henderson, Wilfred Lucas, Claire McDowell, Mabel Normand, Wild Flower, Alfred Paget, Dorothy West. 999:573
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Jay, Gregory S. "'White Man's Book No Good': D. W. Griffith and the American Indian." Cinema Journal, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 3-26, Summer 2000. UC users only

Stagecoach (1939)
Directed by John Ford. Nine passengers board a Cheyenne-bound stagecoach, each with an urgent reason for the journey, each determined to live through the dangerous trip through Indian territory. Geronimo (Chief White Horse), informed by Yakeema, the Indian wife of a Mexican, attacks a stagecoach. 98 min. DVD 98; Video Disc 127; VHS 999:94
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Susannah of the Mounties (1939)
Directed by William A. Seiter. Cast: Shirley Temple, Randolph Scott, Margaret Lockwood,Victor Jory. Rescued after barely surviving an Indian attack on the Canadian frontier, cute orphan Susannah Sheldon befriends the Mounties, especially Inspector "Monty" Montague. The adorable Susannah also proves to be a capable negotiator between the tribes and the Mounties. 79 min. DVD 6030
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Sweet Sioux (1937)
Animated short. Directed by Friz Freleng. Typical 1930's Warner Brothers cartoon take on those wacky "injuns." Video Disc 165
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Taza, Son of Cochise (1969)
Directed by Douglas Sirk. Cast: Rock Hudson, Barbara Rush, Gregg Palmer, Bart Roberts, Morris Ankrum. Three years after the end of the Apache wars, peacemaking chief Cochise dies. His elder son Taza shares his ideas, but brother Naiche yearns for war...and for Taza's betrothed. Bonus features: Robert Osborne intro.; scene stills; pressbook; behind the scenes photos; movie posters; TCMDb article; publicity stills. 79 min. DVD X4894
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Tell Them Willie Boy Is Here (1969)
Directed by Abraham Polonsky. Cast: Robert Redford, Katharine Ross, Robert Blake, Susan Clark, Barry Sullivan. A modern western classic based on the true story of a Pauite Indian, named Willie Boy, and his bride who become the objects of the last great Western manhunt after he kills her father in a "marriage by capture". As the pressure builds, the events explode in the tragic deaths of Lola and Willie and a turning point for Sheriff Cooper. 98 min. DVD X4382
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Georgakas, Dan. "They Have Not Spoken: American Indians in Film." Film Quarterly , Vol. 25, No. 3 (Spring, 1972), pp. 26-32 UC users only
Sandos, James and Larry Burgess. "Film as Mirror, Film as Mask: The Hollywood Indian Versus Native Americans in 'Tell Them Willie Boy is Here.'" Film & History, XXIII:1-4 (1993), pp. 82-90. UC users only
Sandos, James and Larry Burgess. "The Hollywood Indian versus Native Americans: Tell Them Willie Boy Is Here (1969)." In: Hollywood's Indian: The Portrayal of the Native American in FilmPeter C. Rollins and John E. O'Connor, editors. Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky, c2003 (MAIN: PN1995.9.I48 H66 2003; Moffitt: PN1995.9.I48 H66 2003; Main PN1995.9.I48 H66 1998 [earlier edition]; Moffitt PN1995.9.I48 H66 1998 [earlier edition]; UCB NativAmer PN1995.9.H57 H65 1993[earlier edition])

They Died with Their Boots On (1941)
Directed by Raoul Walsh. Cast: Errol Flynn, Olivia de Havilland, Arthur Kennedy, Charley Grapewin, Gene Lockhart, Anthony Quinn, Stanley Ridges, John Litel, Walter Hampden, Sydney Greenstreet, Regis Toomey, Hattie McDaniel. Tells the story of General George Armstrong Custer (1839 0 1876)from the time he enters West Point military academy, through the American Civil War and finally to his last days in the battle of Little Big Horn (June 25-26, 1876). 117 min. DVD 4019
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Aleiss, Angela. "Prelude to World War II: racial unity and the Hollywood Indian." Journal of American Culture 1995, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p25-34, 10p UC users only
Kraft, Louis. "Custer The Truth Behind the Silver Screen." American History, Feb2008, Vol. 42 Issue 6, p26-33, 8p UC users only
Niemi, Robert. "They Died with Their Boots On." In: History in the media : film and television Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, c2006. (MAIN: PN1995.9.H5 N54 2006)
Pearson, Roberta E. "Custer's Still the Hero: Textual Stability and Transformation." Journal of Film & Video; Spring-Fall95, Vol. 47 Issue 1-3, p82-97, 16p< UC users only

A Thief of Time (TV, 2004)
Directed by Chris Eyre. Cast: Wes Studi, Adam Beach, Peter Fonda, Graham Greene, Sheila Tousey. Navajo tribal cops Joe Leaphorn and Jim Chee delve into the netherworld of illegal archaeological excavations, purloined pots, and slain pot hunters, set against a backdrop of Navajo witches, spirits, and lore. 95 min. DVD 2969
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Thunderheart (1992)
Directed by Michael Apted. Cast: Val Kilmer, Sam Shepard, Graham Greene, Fred Ward. A young, part-Sioux FBI agent is sent to solve a murder on The South Dakota Oglala Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. There he meets the irreverent local sheriff and the tribe's religious leader, who helps the agent begin to understand his lost heritage. Gradually, he comes to believe that the U.S. government has framed an innocent man, but finds that he and those around him are thrown into danger because of his suspicions. 118 min. DVD 8199
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Two Rode Together (1961 )
Directed by John Ford. Cast: James Stewart, Richard Widmark, Shirley Jones, Linda Cristal, Andy Devine, John McIntire, Henry Brandon. The US Army is under pressure from the desperate relatives of white prisoners of the Comanches to secure their rescue. A cynical and corrupt marshal, Guthrie McCabe, is persuaded by an army lieutenant to assist in the negotiations with the Comanches. The triumphant return of two captives, a boy and a woman, results in tragic consequences. Based on a novel Comanche captives by Will Cook. 114 min. DVD X6689
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Vanishing American (1925)
Directed by George B. Seitz. The mistreatment of the American Indian is depicted in this sweeping western epic that defies stereotype and questions tradition. Richard Dix wrestles with the coming of the white man and his new order. Partially filmed in Monument Valley, Utah. 148 min. DVD 406
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Aleiss, Angela. "The Vanishing American: Hollywood's Compromise To Indian Reform." Journal of American Studies 1991 25(3): 467-472.
Riley, Michael J. "Trapped in the History of Film: Racial Conflict and Allure in The Vanishing American." In: Hollywood's Indian: The Portrayal of the Native American in FilmPeter C. Rollins and John E. O'Connor, editors. Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky, c2003 (MAIN: PN1995.9.I48 H66 2003; Moffitt: PN1995.9.I48 H66 2003; Main PN1995.9.I48 H66 1998 [earlier edition]; Moffitt PN1995.9.I48 H66 1998 [earlier edition]; UCB NativAmer PN1995.9.H57 H65 1993[earlier edition])

War Party (TV, 1989)
Directed by Franc Roddam. Cast: Kevin Dillon, Billy Wirth, M. Emmet Walsh. Two young descendants of the Blackfeet tribe confront reawakened racism and bloodlust during a small town's remembrance of racism and bloodlust during a small town's remembrance of massacres by the U.S. Cavalry. 99 min. 999:1608
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White Fawn's Devotion: A Play Acted by a Tribe of Red Indians in America (1910)
Earliest surviving film directed by a Native American. (Included in anthology Treasures from American Film Archives: 50 Preserved Films) 11 min. DVD 362; also included as supplement on DVD X2383

Windtalkers (2002)
Directed by John Woo. Cast: Nicholas Cage, Adam Beach, Peter Stormare, Noah Emmerich, Mark Ruffalo, Brian Van Holt, Martin Henderson, Roger Willie, Frances O'Connor, Christian Slater. A battle-weary Marine is assigned to guard - and ultimately befriends - a young Navajo soldier who has been trained to be a code talker. This code, the Navajo code, and the men who knew the code, were to be guarded as they went into action. It was the unspoken duty of the Marine to kill the Navajo soldier before he could be taken prisoner of war by the Japanese. This is the one wartime code that was never broken by the enemy. 134 min. DVD 1391
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