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Environmental Design Library @ UC Berkeley

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Scholarly, Trade and Popular Journals

Research paper assignments often require the use of articles from scholarly journals or periodicals, and although there may be research topics for which popular or trade journal articles are appropriate, it is important to know how to distinguish the differences. This guide explains the different types of journals, and how to identify them.

For more information about scholarly publishing, and refereed and non-refereed publications, see the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing by Joseph Gibaldi (New York, Modern Language Association of America).

Also see the UC Berkeley Library guide on Critical Evaluation of Sources

Compiled by Elizabeth Byrne and Norma Kobzina.

Scholarly Journals

Certain articles are peer-reviewed or refereed (that is, evaluated by specialists or consultants in the field who recommend the manuscript for publishing or not), and often suggest improvements and corrections. These articles generally have greater prestige than articles which are not formally refereed.

Examples: Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Landscape History, Journal of the American Planning Association, Landscape and Urban Planning


Trade / Professional Journals

Examples: Architecture, Architectural Review, Progressive Architecture, Planning, Landscape Architecture, Building Stone Magazine, Construction Specifier, Designer/Builder, Lighting Dimensions


Popular Magazines

Examples: Newsweek, Time, People, Sunset, U.S. News and World Report

tip Still not sure about a particular title? Consult Ulrich's periodicals directory UCB Only to see if the journal has been assigned "refereed" status.